Espressos and lattes are tasty, popular drinks that you can find at any café. They can even be made at home! But if you’ve ever been stumped by a coffee shop menu, we’re here to help. Keep reading to find out what separates a latte from an espresso!
What is Espresso?
Espresso is a concentrated coffee drink measuring approximately one ounce per shot. It is made by forcing hot water through packed (tamped) finely-ground coffee. The combination of high pressure, hot temperatures, and fine grind size produces espresso’s signature intense, concentrated flavors.
The espresso shot has three parts. The body is the darker bottom, the heart is somewhat lighter and in the middle, and the crema is the foamy light colored head on top. This drink is typically served as a doppio (2 ounces) or even as a triple (3 oz). Most espresso lovers enjoy it on its own, though you can add cream or sugar.
What is a latte?
Lattes are coffee beverages made with shots of espresso and steamed milk. The steamed milk creates a thin layer of foam that sits at the top of the latte. Lattes combine the intense espresso with steamed milk to create a mellower, much creamier version of the bold espresso flavor. The classic latte ratio is 1/3 espresso to 2/3 steamed milk, with a layer of foam on top.
Lattes can be anywhere from 8 to 20 ounces, and you can order them with single, double, or triple shots of espresso.
When you order a latte at a coffee shop, you can customize it to your preferences. You can choose milk substitutes, raise or lower the milk temperature, or ask for no foam at all.
Another popular option is adding syrups. Most coffee shops have a wide range of flavored syrups to choose from. These include vanilla, caramel, and cinnamon. There are even seasonal flavors like pumpkin spice, gingerbread, and peppermint. The wide variety of options makes lattes much more customizable than espresso.
Does Espresso Have Variations?
Yes and no. There are fewer available options and additions, but you can customize how the shot is pulled. Do you want a more concentrated shot? Try ordering a ristretto, which is made with finer grounds and half as much water. Want a larger, less concentrated shot? Try a lungo, made with twice the water.
RELATED READ: What are the 21 different types of espresso drinks?
Espresso vs Latte: The Differences
The major factor separating a latte from an espresso is the addition of steamed and lightly frothed milk. Lattes are about 60% milk, so the volume of a latte is much greater than an espresso. The smallest latte you can order is 8 oz, whereas most espresso is about 2-3 oz when served.
Flavor differences exist mainly in the creaminess and the very mellow espresso flavor of a latte. Espresso has a more robust taste because it’s straight coffee concentrate.
Now you know the differences between a latte and an espresso. Next time you’re looking at the coffee shop menu, you will be able to use this knowledge to find something new to try!
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